Cancer Cancer Article

Types of Cancer – ଓ କେଉଁ ଟେଷ୍ଟ କରିବାକୁ ପଡେ

Types of Cancer – ଓ କେଉଁ ଟେଷ୍ଟ କରିବାକୁ ପଡେ
  • PublishedJanuary 26, 2024
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Cancers are named for the area in which they begin and the type of cell they are made of, even if they spread to other parts of the body. For example, a cancer that begins in the lungs and spreads to the liver is still called lung cancer. There are also several clinical terms used for certain general types of cancer:

  • Carcinoma is a cancer that starts in the skin or the tissues that line other organs.
  • Sarcoma is a cancer of connective tissues such as bones, muscles, cartilage, and blood vessels.
  • Leukemia is a cancer of bone marrow, which creates blood cells.
  • Lymphoma and myeloma are cancers of the immune system.

Myelo-dysplastic syndromes, or MDS, are a group of disorders in which a person’s bone marrow does not produce enough functioning blood cells. MDS is a type of cancer. MDS damages some of the blood forming cells in the bone marrow, leading to low counts of one or more types of blood cells


Breast CancerLung CancerSkin Cancer
Bladder cancerMelanomaTesticular Cancer
Brain TumorMelanoma of the EyeThroat or Larynx
Endometrial CancerMesotheliomaThyroid Cancer
Ewing’s SarcomaMultiple Myeloma 
Kidney Cancer   (Renal Cell Carcinoma)Prostate Cancer 

Gastrointestinal Cancer

Anal CancerEsophageal CancerGISTPancreatic Ca
Colon CancerGallbladder CancerLiver Cancer 

Gynecologic Cancer

Cervical CancerUterine CancerVulva Cancer
Ovarian CancerVaginal Cancer 

Head and Neck Cancer

Salivary Gland CancerTumor of the Oro-pharynxTumors of the Nasal Cavityand Para- nasal Sinuses
Naso-Pharyngeal CaOral Cancer
Laryngeal CancerHypo pharyngeal Tumors


Hodgkin’s LymphomaNon-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

What are the 4 types of Leukemia?

There are 4 main types of leukemia, based on whether they are acute or chronic, and myeloid or lymphocytic:

  • Acute Myeloid (Or Myelogenous) Leukemia (AML)
  • Chronic Myeloid (Or Myelogenous) Leukemia (CML)
  • Acute Lymphocytic (Or Lymphoblastic) Leukemia (ALL)
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

ଆୟୁର୍ବେଦିକରେ କେଉଁ କ୍ୟାନସର ପାଇଁ କଣ ଟେଷ୍ଟ ରିପୋର୍ଟ ନିହାତି ଦରକାର

CarcinomaSarcomaBlastomaLymphoma, Leukemia, Blood Cancer
BreastCA 15.3BoneCBCCBC
LungsCEANerveCT  MRI  PETBone Marrow Test
PancreasCA 19.9  BCR
ColonCEA  ABL27
OvarianCA125  PBF
Urinary BladderCEACT  MRI  PET  

Test combinations that will give more exact results are for instance

  • Colorectal: M2-PK; if M2-PK is not available, can test CEA, CA 19-9, CA 125
  • Breast: CEA, CA 15-3, Cyfra 21-1
  • Ovary: CEA, CA 19-9, CA 125, AFP, BHCG
  • Uterine: CEA, CA 19-9, CA 125, Cyfra 21-1, SCC
  • Prostate: PSA, FPSA and ratio
  • Testicle: AFP, BHCG
  • Pancreas/Stomach: CEA, CA 19-9, CA 72-4
  • Liver: CEA, AFP
  • Oesophagus: CEA, Cyfra 21-1
  • Thyroid: CEA, NSE
  • Lung: CEA, CA 19-9, CA 125, NSE, Cyfra 21-1 (Sensitivity at 95 percent percentile for Cyfra 21-1 is 79 percent, while for SCC and CEA are 41 and 31 percent respectively)
  • Bladder: CEA, Cyfra 21-1, TPA

ବିଶେଷ – ସବିଶେଷ ଜାଣିବା ପାଇଁ ନିଜର ଡକ୍ଟରଙ୍କ ସହ ପରାମର୍ଶ କରନ୍ତୁ

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